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Tobacco causes 33% of cancers; at 50%, highest in NE: Research

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BENGALURU: Cancers associated with tobacco use constitute 33.3% of all cancers reported in India’s hospital-based cancer registry, irrespective of gender. It comprised 48.7% of all cancers among males and 16.5% among females. The study ‘Clinicopathological Profile of Cancers in India: A Report of the Hospital Based Cancer Registries, 2021’ was done by Bengaluru-based National Centre for Disease Informatics & Research (NCDIR), a branch of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
NCDIR has made use of the data of cancer cases for seven years, from 96 Hospital-based Cancer registries (HBCRs’) under the National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP). An analysis of data from 6.1 lakh cancer cases, diagnosed and registered in the NCRP between 2012-2019, has revealed that the prevalence of cancer cases was 52.4% among males and 47.6% among females.
Over 2 lakh cancer cases were associated with tobacco usage alone. The prevalence of tobacco-use related cancers was highest in the northeast (50.4%), followed by central India (42%), west (36.9%), north (32.9%), south (28.6%), and east (25.3%). However, in terms of absolute numbers, south India has the highest number of cases — 61,921 — of cancer linked to tobacco usage.
The cancer registries play a crucial role in cancer prevention and control by generating systematic and timely information on new cases of cancer, said Dr Prashant Mathur, Director, NCDIR. Among cancers associated with tobacco use reported from all HBCRs, mouth cancer accounted for the highest at 24.4%, followed by lung cancer (22.4%) and tongue cancer (16.6%). The highest tobacco associated cancers among females was mouth cancer (26.4%)



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